策展論述

總策展人——賴雯淑 國立交通大學應用藝術研究所副教授

或許有人認為以「二戰城市」來勾勒新竹是不準確的,這是指涉整個新竹都跟二戰有關,或暗示因為有二戰,新竹才存在。但新竹在地人並不太記得這塊土地過往的二戰歷史。與其說,六燃文件展將「新竹」與「二戰城市」並置,是企圖揭示這個城市的歷史胎記,還不如說是一個提問,藉此來探問這個城市的自我定義或身份認取;透過爬梳、參與新竹六燃的二戰歷史和之後陸續發生的事情,來思考生活在台灣這塊土地上的意義。

為回應這個提問,來自交大應用藝術研究所的六燃策展團隊所策劃執行的「前日本海軍第六燃料廠文件展」(簡稱「六燃文件展」),呈現的是一塊帶有二戰歷史、記憶、想像等多層肌理的紋路;一個容納著來自不同歷史時期的人們與背景的有機容器;一座交織著集體和個人記憶的城市。展覽內容主要來自交通大學自2018年以來,以六燃大煙囪廠房為基地,所全力推動的「新竹生博物館:保溫睦鄰駐站計劃」,它不止探討新竹六燃的歷史、記憶,或剛剛劃下句點的眷村文化,更是透過藝術實踐、智慧科技、人文反思三條實踐路徑,帶動市民與國際社會的參與,希望能讓新竹六燃大煙囪廠房基地轉型成一座活的「新竹生博物館」。

在孕育成形的過程,也力求與居民之間的相互理解與情感凝聚。「六燃文件展」本身就是活隱喻、活博物館的具現,它將持續自我活化,成為一個永續的生命體。 由交大應用藝術研究所賴雯淑副教授主持、六燃團隊所共同策劃的「原日本海軍第六燃料廠新竹支廠文件展」、簡稱「六燃文件展」,分別以檔案、藝術 、科技三區,來呈現關於這個活在竹塹城的歷史地景。

為何保留新竹六燃二戰遺址,使其成為「新竹生博物館」是重要的事呢?因為它是:1. 臺灣少數僅存二戰時期軍事工業遺跡。2. 具「屋中有屋」與「空中樓閣」特色之重要眷村遺跡。3. 為全臺稀有,同時結合第二次世界大戰、科技與眷村文化之歷史建築。4. 於2010年,已由新竹市政府正式登錄為歷史建築。

六燃「新竹生博物館」( Hsinchu Living Museum ) 計劃,以二戰時期臺灣總督府所建置的「海軍第六燃料廠新竹支廠」、其中的大煙囪廠房為主要基地,探討六燃的歷史、記憶、或甫劃下休止符的眷村文化,希望透過「藝術實踐參與社區營造」、「智慧科技支援生態保育」、「文史田調結合混合實境再造歷史現場」之實踐,帶動新竹市民與國際社會的參與,讓新竹六燃二戰工業建築遺構轉型為一座活的「生博物館」;在逐漸孕育成形的過程中,也力求與居民之間的互相理解,促成居民與社區情感的凝聚。

「六燃文件展」的策展核心即立基於「活隱喻·活博物館」的理念,「生博物館」是 Living Museum 的一種直譯,也是一種宣示,更是國外已運作多年、但目前台灣還沒有的博物館型態。「文件展」在當代藝術裡,已不是過往那種純粹博物館展示文件的形式,更多的是對於某種藝術理念的實踐與實驗。換言之,六燃文件展所扮演的角色,絕不僅止於重要文件的整理和爬梳,或是只為今年11月將於新竹六燃大煙囪基地所舉行的「六燃國際藝術展演」熱身。

六燃團隊更聚焦在催生「新竹生博物館」的實踐路徑上,同時生產出一個能夠孕育並催生出「新竹六燃生博物館」藝術實踐路徑與行動方法論。這是六燃文件展極為核心的一個任務與自我期許 —— 不論是正在孕育、催生中的「新竹生博物館」,為此目的所舉辦的「六燃文件展」,或即將於今年逐一成形的「六燃國際藝術展演」。

每一場活動、每一位參與者、每一件文史資料或作品、每一次的相逢與對話,本身就是活隱喻、活博物館的具現,它將持續自我活化,成為一個永續的生命體。

Curatorial Statement

Wen-Shu Lai

Chief Project Director / Associate Professor, Institute of Applied Arts, NCTU

A WWII city needs supports from its residents who are reflective, critical, and willing to put their thoughts into action.

A WWII city will become a great city when its residents have the capacities to preserve, revitalize and nourish it.

Some people might find it misleading to describe Hsinchu as a “WWII city,” because it seems as if the entire Hsinchu City is inextricably interwoven with the Second World War, as if the war is the raison d’être of this city. However, the past of Hsinchu City is almost beyond recall on the part of its citizens today. Therefore, the juxtaposition of “Hsinchu” and “WWII” in the Imperial Japanese Navy’s Sixth Fuel Factory Documenta is not so much a portrayal of this city’s distinguishing features as a questioning posture, an attempt to investigate this city’s self-definition or identity construction, a venture to cogitate on the meaning of our lives on this island by collating and participating the factory’s history during and in the aftermath of the Second World War.

Accordingly, the Imperial Japanese Navy’s Sixth Fuel Factory Documenta is executed by the curatorial team from Institute of Applied Arts (IAA)of the National Chiao Tung University (NCTU). It is intended to present a WWII historical and cultural heritage site in Hsinchu Taiwan, a place that not only accommodates various groups of people from different historical periods and backgrounds, but also weaves their collective and personal memories into a web with a multi-layer texture. The content of this documenta is mainly from the “Hsinchu Living Museum” project, which has been promoted by NCTU since 2018. The project aims to raising public awareness domestically and internationally about the historical significance of the former Imperial Japanese Navy’s Sixth Fuel Factory. The purpose of this documenta is to empower the audience to discuss and interpret the past, the present, and the future of this historic site, expecting to extend and enrich WWII history through alternative perspectives and creative works. We believe that the participants of documenta will add an extra dimension to the multifold histories and memories of WWII. History, in another sense, is a living, evolving process that always unfolds in the present tense. As a result, the prime objective of this Documenta is to accelerate the transformation of the historic site of the Imperial Japanese Navy’s Sixth Fuel Factory into the “Hsinchu Living Museum”.

Living Museum”, because this site is….

 (1) One of the few remaining WWII military-industrial relics;
 (2) A historic site of military dependents’ housing characterized by “embedded apartment” and “roofless attic”;
 (3) A rare complex preserving the legacies of war, technology, and military dependents’ housing culture; and ——
 (4) Already registered as a historic building by the Hsinchu City Government in 2010.

The content of this Documenta is mainly from the “Hsinchu Living Museum” project, which has been promoted by NCTU since 2018. The project aims to raise public awareness domestically and internationally about the historical significance of the former Imperial Japanese Navy’s Sixth Fuel Factory.

The purpose of this Documenta is to empower the audience to discuss and interpret the past, the present, and the future of this historic site. It is expected to extend and enrich WWII history through alternative perspectives and creative works. We believe that the participants of the Documenta will add an extra dimension to the multifold histories and memories of WWII History, in another sense, is a living, evolving process that always unfolds in the present tense.

As a result, the prime objective of this Documenta is to accelerate the transformation of the historic site of the Imperial Japanese Navy’s Sixth Fuel Factory into the “Hsinchu Living Museum”.